Idea Value: E-commerce Bubbles
Everyone in Silicon Valley and elsewhere are looking for that game-changing idea.
Times of India reports that Silicon Valley investor Vinod Khosla — whose net worth is estimated to be around $1.7 billion — has always stayed away from "the herd mentality" of investors backing popular startup ideas. In an exclusive interview with Economic Times this weekend, Khosla, cofounder of Sun Microsystems, said the startup valuation bubble is being caused by bad ideas and copycats chasing money-making opportunities.
"In Silicon Valley, valuations are by analogy and that's always dangerous...there are some fundamentally new ideas coming out and all of those will result in valuable companies," he said. "But mixed in there are the copycats that will feel overvalued in few years. If you ask me if there are another dozen fundamental ideas in the next 10 years, the answer is almost certainly yes. But because of that dozen, there will be five dozen really bad ideas that get overvalued. That's the way to think of a bubble," he said.
Expounding on the theme of bubbles, Khosla said stock prices and valuations were sometimes divorced from reality, even as Internet usage keeps going up. "There are two types of bubbles. One is economics reflected mostly in stock prices and valuation. I never think of that as reality. If you look at Internet traffic through the bubble in the US dotcom bust, you can't tell where it is. Because Internet usage kept going up. It didn't crash the day stock prices crashed. Because prices crashed, it doesn't mean people stop using Facebook. So how do you measure a bubble? Is it the reality of usage or that of valuation? In a valuation sense, you get lots of bubbles. In a real usage sense, you don't .... In 1999, there was a dotcom bust, but Google was in the middle of that and it survived and did well," he added.
Describing India's consumer Internet war between Flipkart, Amazon and Snapdeal as "a costly battle," Khosla said in 10 years the value of e-commerce will be higher than the value of all the companies combined today, but it may not be the same companies. "The question is, who wins and gets to that point and how expensive it is to get to that point? But if there are a lot of people competing and throwing money at it, then you blow up each other's tanks. Whether the buildup is economic or not is a separate question," Khosla said. "Then there are other people like Alibaba saying 'I'll come in and spend all this money because I have it. I'll buy myself a way into the business.' That makes building the business expensive."